This Niyama refers to the deep study of the spiritual truths about our inner self and of the Universe in its different aspects.

This can involve a number of different things such as attending lectures, reading books and spiritual texts, etc., and then understanding and meditating upon their significance and underlying ideas, and applying them into our lives so that the knowledge becomes experiential and enriches our lives.

Our own self-reflective consciousness can be considered Svadhyaya as well. And while it results in beautiful learnings about ourselves and great realisations about our inner qualities, it can also uncover our inner weaknesses, egos, limiting beliefs and unhelpful thinking styles, which can be hard to deal with. In that sense, it is useful to have a mentor to guide us along the path, so that we don’t get lost.

As we research and comprehend more and more, we gradually move into higher states of consciousness.